Paths To Knowledge (dot Science)

What is actually real in Objective Reality? How do you know? Now, prove it's real!

Archive for May 10th, 2009

How do we know global warming is a problem if we can’t trust the U.S. temperature record?

Posted by pwl on May 10, 2009

This report on the US Temperature Surface Stations (pdf) raises serious questions about the whole premise underlying the “man cause global warming crisis”. IF the underlying data is corrupted and inaccurate how can any conclusions of science be drawn from them?

Serious questions are raised and need to be answered. Heads must roll. They do that too in science.

Executive Summary
Global warming is one of the most serious issues of our times. Some experts claim the rise in temperature during the past century was “unprecedented” and proof that immediate action to reduce human greenhouse gas emissions must begin. Other experts say the warming was very modest and the case for action has yet to be made.

The reliability of data used to document temperature trends is of great importance in this debate. We can’t know for sure if global warming is a problem if we can’t trust the data. The official record of temperatures in the continental United States comes from a network of 1,221 climate-monitoring stations overseen by the National Weather Service, a department of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Until now, no one had ever conducted a comprehensive review of the quality of the measurement environment of those stations.

During the past few years I recruited a team of more than 650 volunteers to visually inspect and photographically document more than 860 of these temperature stations. We were shocked by what we found. We found stations located next to the exhaust fans of air conditioning units, surrounded by asphalt parking lots and roads, on blistering-hot rooftops, and near sidewalks and buildings that absorb and radiate heat. We found 68 stations located at waste water treatment plants, where the process of waste digestion causes temperatures to be higher than in surrounding areas. In fact, we found that 89 percent of the stations – nearly 9 of every 10 – fail to meet the National Weather Service’s own siting requirements that stations must be 30 meters (about 100 feet) or more away from an artificial heating or radiating/reflecting heat source.

This site in Marysville, CA has been around for about the same amount
of time, but has been encroached upon by growth in a most serious way
by micro-site effects.

In other words, 9 of every 10 stations are likely reporting higher or rising temperatures because they are badly sited. It gets worse. We observed that changes in the technology of temperature stations over time also has caused them to report a false warming trend. We found major gaps in the data record that were filled in with data from nearby sites, a practice that propagates and compounds errors. We found that adjustments to the data by both NOAA and another government agency, NASA, cause recent temperatures to look even higher.

The conclusion is inescapable: The U.S. temperature record is unreliable.

The errors in the record exceed by a wide margin the purported rise in temperature of 0.7º C (about 1.2º F) during the twentieth century. Consequently, this record should not be cited as evidence of any trend in temperature that may have occurred across the U.S. during the past century. Since the U.S. record is thought to be “the best in the world,” it follows that the global database is likely similarly compromised and unreliable.

This report presents actual photos of more than 100 temperature stations in the U.S., many of them demonstrating vividly the siting issues we found to be rampant in the network. Photographs of all 865 stations that have been surveyed so far can be found at Surface Stations dot org, where station photos can be browsed by state or searched for by name.

Posted in Adult Supervision Required, Climate Science, Debunking Bad Environmentalism, Exercise for the Reader (that's you), Hard Science Required, Ideas Crazy Enough to Have a Chance, Intelligent Designer - Yeah Right, It's a good thing that your god(s) die with you, Math, Proofs, Proofs Needed, Science Education, TerrorForming Earth, Yikes! | Leave a Comment »

The Machine Girl rocks, slices, dices, shoots and scores a hit

Posted by pwl on May 10, 2009

The Machine Girl rules the rampage.



No not the extreme Al Gore and his carbon trading business partner David Blood but really BLOODY GORE follows.

Well, to speak truth Al Gore does have a lot of blood on his hands as he was Vice President for many years but that is a different story to tell on a different day, this story is about revenge sought out by The Machine Girl.

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Posted in Adult Supervision Required, Awesome, Awesome beyond awesome, Evil Walks the Earth and Carries a Big Stick, Film, Fun, Ick!, Really Funny, WOW!!!, Yikes! | Leave a Comment »

US State Gun Laws now overriding USA Federal Gun Laws?

Posted by pwl on May 10, 2009

Made in Montana: New Montana Law Makes Certain Guns and Ammo Exempt From Federal Regulation
…Montana, and kept there. The Commerce Clause will soon be void as far as it has to do with regulating this class of firearms. The congress of the United States has abused the Commerce Clause of the U.S. Constitution for years. And now it will finally be challenged by a State that truly has a chance of winning, and thereby freeing the people from this yoke of tyranny that is around our neck, which we call the federal government.

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Posted in Politics, Violent, WOW!!!, Yikes! | Leave a Comment »

Bruce Lee vs Jackie Chan vs Tony Jaa vs Jet Li

Posted by pwl on May 10, 2009

Awesome martial arts… awesome.

Posted in Awesome, Film, Fun, Video, WOW!!! | Leave a Comment »

Creationists are idiots – Flus for Jesus – EVOLUTION LIVE BEFORE YOUR EYES!

Posted by pwl on May 10, 2009

Posted in Belief Stricken, Biology, Fun, Hard Science Required, Health, Holding those who run the world responsible for their crimes against humanity, Human|Ape, Humbled by Nature, Intelligent Designer - Yeah Right, Invisible Friend Crowd, It's a good thing that your god(s) die with you, Majestic Universe, Politics, Rational Thinking, Video | Leave a Comment »

Don’t cut the tip off your penis

Posted by pwl on May 10, 2009

Posted in Biology, Do Not Click At Work, Double Yikes!!, Eeek!, Get some perspective people, Hard Science Required, Health, Human|Ape, Rational Thinking, Science Education, Sex, Video | Leave a Comment »

Patient Zorro

Posted by pwl on May 10, 2009

Posted in Bill Maher, Exercise for the Reader (that's you), Fun, Politics, Rational Thinking, Really Funny, Video | Leave a Comment »

Live Brains

Posted by pwl on May 10, 2009

Posted in Double Yikes!!, Eeek!, Film, Fun, Gay, Get some perspective people, Human|Ape, Humbled by Nature, Sex, Terrorfying, Video, Yikes!, Zombies | Leave a Comment »

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